Battery & Intercalation Compounds

Optimizing the properties of the materials that will be used in secondary or rechargeable batteries requires the determination of their nominal capacity, cyclability, stability, electrochemical characteristics and more…

Bio-Logic, as the first manufacturer of the multichannel potentiostat/galvanostat/FRA, has always been at the forefront of this application.

The literature available below will give you a non-exhaustive overview of all the tools implemented in our instruments and software to facilitate and improve your research on battery and intercalation compounds.

Literature

Electrochemistry
AN#1 – Protocols for studying intercalation electrodes materials: Part I: Galvanostatic cycling with potential limitation (GCPL)
AN#2 – Protocols for studying intercalation electrodes materials: Part II: Potentiodynamic Cycling with Galvanostatic Acceleration (PCGA)
AN#3 – Galvanostatic Cycling with Potential limitation 4: Low Earth Orbit battery satellite protocol
AN#6 – Constant power technique (updated November 5, 2010)
AN#16 – Simultaneous Impedance measurements on each element of a running cell stack
AN#17 – Drift correction in electrochemical impedance measurements
AN#20 – Pseudo capacitance calculation (updated December 9, 2010)
AN#23 – EIS measurements on Li-ion batteries-EC-Lab software parameters adjustment (updated December 9, 2010)
AN#26 – Graphic Customization
AN#38 – Dynamic resistance determination. A relation between AC and DC measurements?
AN#40 – Differential (Incremental) Capacity Analysis
AN#42 – ZFit : The modified inductance element La.
AN#45 – Using ZFit for multiple cycles analysis
AN#46 – Dilatometer
AN#49 – EIS measurements: Potentio (PEIS) vs. Galvano (GEIS) mode, that is the question!
AN#53 – Precision and Accuracy in Coulombic Efficiency Measurements (.pdf 654 Ko). Sample data (.mpr 16 Mo).
AN#55 – Interpretation problems of impedance measurements made on time variant systems
AN#57 – Differential Coulometry Spectroscopy (DCS)
AN#58 – Cycling battery with reference electrode by using the PAT-cell test cell
AN#59 – A full solution to address battery module/pack.
AN#60 – Distribution of Relaxation Times (DRT): an introduction
AN#61 – How to interpret lower frequencies impedance in batteries ?
AN#62 – How to measure the internal resistance of a battery using EIS ?

 

Local Electrochemistry Investigation
AN#4 – Post-treatment and optimization of area scan experiments
AN#5 – Introducing the Microscopic Image Rapid Analysis (MIRA) software
AN#7 – ac-SECM to investigate battery electrode materials in non-aqueous electrolyte
AN#8 – Graphical and analysis tools in M370/M470 software
AN#10 – dc- and ac-SECM Measurements on Si Nanowire Arrays
AN#12 – 3D Map production using the 3DIsoPlot software
AN#14 – Introduction to the Modular Map Experiment: an Interdigitated Array electrode example
AN#15 – Introduction to the USB-PIO: measuring the effect of light on a live leaf
AN#16 – Intermittent Contact (ic) SECM for relief of major topographic features
AN#17 – The use of height tracking SECM to measure mechanically exfoliated graphite

WP#1  – Studying batteries with Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS)

Related instruments

  • BCS-805

    BCS-805

    Powerful and flexible equipment for battery cycling with EIS capability

    The BCS-805 battery cycling system is the smallest unit in our line of battery cyclers with a max current of ±150 mA per channel.

    Channels: 8
    Max current: +/-150 mA
    Voltage range: 0 V to 10 V
    EIS: 10 kHz to 10 mHz
    Current resolution: 18 bit
    Time resolution: 2ms

  • BCS-810

    BCS-810

    Powerful and flexible equipment for battery cycling with EIS capability

    With a maximum current of ±1.5 Amps per channel, the BCS-810 is the mid-sized unit in the new line of advanced battery cyclers.

    Channels: 8
    Max current: +/- 1.5 A
    Voltage range: 0 V to 10 V
    EIS: 10 kHz to 10 mHz
    Current resolution: 18 bit
    Time resolution: 2ms

  • BCS-815

    BCS-815

    Powerful and flexible equipment for battery cycling with EIS capability

    The BCS-815 battery cycler is the largest module available in the BSC-8xx line of instruments.

     

    Channels: 8
    Max current: +/-15 A (up to 120 A in //)
    Voltage range: 0 V to 10 V
    EIS: 10 kHz to 10 mHz
    Current resolution: 18 bit
    Time resolution: 2ms

  • BCS-8xx series

    BCS-8xx series

    Powerful and Flexible equipment for battery cycling

    The BCS-8xx series is a modular battery cycling system that provide superior performance and specifications. Each system can be equipped with different module to match your current needs.

    .

    Channel: up to 128
    Max current: Up to 120A (parallel mode)
    Voltage range: 0 V to 10 V
    EIS: 10 kHz to 10 mHz
    Current resolution: 18 bit
    Time resolution: 2ms

  • FlexP 0160

    FlexP 0160

    High Power Booster for VMP3 (FlexP 0160)

    The FlexP 0160 is designed for battery stack/pack characterizations. The continuous maximum current of +/-50 A for a single unit can be extended up to +/-200 A by connecting four units in parallel.

    Channel: single
    Min current dynamic: +/-500 mA
    Max current dynamic: +/-50 A
    Voltage range: 1 V to +60 V
    EIS: up to 10 kHz

  • HCP-1005

    HCP-1005

    High current potentiostat dedicated for Li- battery application

    The HCP-1005 is a compact high current potentiostat / galvanostat / FRA specially designed to study secondary batteries with a high capacity.

    Channel: single
    Min current dynamic: +/-20 nA
    Max current dynamic: +/-100 A
    Voltage range: 0.6 V to +5 V
    EIS: up to 10 kHz

  • HCV-3048 Booster

    HCV-3048 Booster

    Fast and powerful current & voltage external booster for VMP-300 series

    The HCV-3048 is designed for battery stack/pack characterizations. The continuous maximum current of +/-30 A for a single unit can be extended up to +/-120 A by connecting four units in parallel.

    Channel: single
    Min current dynamic: +/-300 mA
    Max current dynamic: +/-30 A
    Voltage range: 0 V to +48 V
    EIS: up to 500 kHz

  • M370 – dc-SECM

    M370 – dc-SECM

    The probe used in this technique is a tapered disk ultramicroelectrode. The resolution depends on the size of the electrode. The system is provided with a positioning system, two control boxes hosting the two pstat/gstats and the positioning control.

    Direct current Scanning Electrochemical Microscope.
    Measures the local electrochemical reactivity of a surface using dc current.

  • M370 – SVP

    M370 – SVP

    This technique uses a single wire probe to measure the voltage difference in a solution related to local currents flowing from a corroding or polarized sample. The system includes a positioning system, an electrometer board, an LIA (Lock-In Amplifier) and optionally a pstat/gstat, all are hosted in the control boxes.

    Scanning Vibrating Electrode Technique.
    Measures local anodic and cathodic currents from a free corroding or polarized sample.

  • M470 – ac/dc-SECM

    M470 – ac/dc-SECM

    The probe used in this technique is a tapered disk ultramicroelectrode. The resolution depends on the size of the electrode. The system is provided with a positioning system, a control box hosting two pstat/gstats/FRA to polarize both the sample and the electrode.

    Alternating and direct current Scanning Electrochemical Microscope.
    Measures the local electrochemical reactivity of a surface using dc current or the impedance of the probe.

  • M470 – ic-SECM

    M470 – ic-SECM

    The SECM probe maintained at a constant distance from the sample. Rough, large, uneven samples can be studied using this mode with dc- or ac-SECM. In addition to an ac/dc-SECM system, it only requires an additional piezo element and two LIAs (Lock-In Amplifier) hosted by the control box.

    Intermittent contact SECM.
    Measures the local reactivity of a surface at a constant distance, instead of constant height.

  • M470 – SVP

    M470 – SVP

    This technique uses a single wire probe to measure the voltage difference in a solution related to local currents flowing from a corroding or polarized sample. The system includes a positioning system, an electrometer board, an LIA (Lock-In Amplifier) and optionally a pstat/gstat/FRA board, all can be hosted in the control box.

    Scanning Vibrating Electrode Technique.
    Measures local anodic and cathodic currents from a free corroding or polarized sample.

  • MPG-2

    MPG-2

    Research grade battery tester with optional EIS capability

    The MPG-2 is a multi-channel, research grade battery cycler designed for research on intercalation compounds, batteries and supercapacitors.

    Channels: 16
    Max current: +/-100 mA
    Voltage range: -10 V to 10 V
    EIS: 20 kHz to 10 µHz
    Current ranges: 5
    Time resolution: 200 µs

  • MPG-205

    MPG-205

    5 A each for battery testing with optional EIS capability

    The MPG-205 battery test station has 8 independent channels, offering 5 A on each channel in a fixed configuration.

    Channels: 8
    Max current: +/-5 A
    Voltage range: -2 V to 9 V
    EIS: 20 kHz to 10 µHz
    Current ranges: 7
    Time resolution: 200 µs

  • MPG-210

    MPG-210

    10 A each for battery testing with optional EIS capability

    The MPG-210 battery test station has 4 independent channels, offering 10 A on each channel in a fixed configuration.

    Channels: 4
    Max current: +/-10 A
    Voltage range: -2 V to 9 V
    EIS: 20 kHz to 10 µHz
    Current ranges: 7
    Time resolution: 200 µs

  • MPG-220

    MPG-220

    20 A each for battery testing with optional EIS capability

    The MPG-220 battery test station has 2 independent channels, offering 20 A on each channel in a fixed configuration.

    Channels: 2
    Max current: +/-20 A
    Voltage range: -2 V to 9 V
    EIS: 20 kHz to 10 µHz
    Current ranges: 7
    Time resolution: 200 µs

  • MPG-240

    MPG-240

    40 A/ 9 V powered workstation for battery testing with optional EIS capability

    The MPG-240 battery test station is an one channel system offering 40 A in a fixed configuration.

    Channel: 1
    Max current: +/-40 A
    Voltage range: -2 V to 9 V
    EIS: 20 kHz to 10 µHz
    Current ranges: 7
    Time resolution: 200 µs

  • MPG-2xx series

    MPG-2xx series

    R&D grade battery testing instruments

    The MPG-2xx series are modular research grade battery cycling instruments available with 5 different current range to fit every single cell needs.

    Max current: Up to 40 A
    Voltage range: -2 V to 9 V
    EIS: 20 kHz to 10 µHz
    Current ranges: 7
    Time resolution: 200 µs

  • SECM150

    SECM150

    SECM150 sets a new standard for value in SECM research. SECM150 is a compact and value-oriented scanning electrochemical microscope that allows the user to perform local investigation on electrodes in any environment. The SECM150 combines high performance and ease-of-use.

    The new standard for value in SECM research !
    So compact that it fits in a glove box!
    Ultra high resolution <10 nm scanning resolution

  • SP-150

    SP-150

    Powerful in a versatile chassis

    The SP-150 is a value oriented reseach grade potentiostat/galvanostat

    Channel: single
    Min current dynamic: +/-20 nA
    Min with LC/ULC option: +/-2 pA
    Max current dynamic: +/-800 mA
    Max with current booster option: +/-100 A
    Voltage range: -20 V to +20 V
    EIS: up to 1 MHz

  • SP-200

    SP-200

    Compact and powerful in a portable chassis

    The SP-200 is a fast & sensitive high end potentiostat/galvanostat.

    Channel: single
    Min current dynamic: +/-100 pA
    Min with LC/ULC option: +/-100 fA
    Max current dynamic: +/-500 mA
    Max with current booster option: +/- 500 mA
    Voltage range: -10 V to +10 V
    with option: -10 V to +10 V
    EIS: up to 7 MHz

  • SP-240

    SP-240

    Compact and powerful in a portable chassis

    SP-240 is the newest, research grade, value-oriented potentiostat / galvanostat in the Bio-Logic product range offering up to 4 Amps.

    Channel: single
    Min current dynamic: +/-100 pA
    Min with LC/ULC option: +/-100 fA
    Max current dynamic: +/4 A
    Max with current booster option: +/-30 A
    Voltage range: -10 V to +14 V
    with option: -48 V to +48 V
    EIS: up to 7 MHz

  • SP-300

    SP-300

    Fast, Sensitive, stable and modular

    SP-300 is a state-of-the-art modular high end potentiostat / galvanostat / FRA with remarkable specifications.

    Channel: single/bipot
    Min current dynamic: +/-100 pA
    Min with LC/ULC option: +/-100 fA
    Max current dynamic: +/-500 mA
    Max with current booster option: +-A30
    Voltage range: -10V to +10V
    with option: -48V to +48V
    EIS: up to 7 MHz

  • SP-50

    SP-50

    Economical and easy to use

    The SP-50 is an educational Potentiostat/galvanostat

    Channel: single
    Min current dynamic: +/-20 nA
    Max current dynamic: +/-800 mA
    Voltage range: -10 V to +10 V
    EIS: no

  • VMP-300

    VMP-300

    A new step in the combination of performance and versatility

    VMP-300 is an ultimate and modular 16 channel potentiostat/galvanostat

     

    Channel: bipot/multi
    Min current dynamic: +/-100 pA
    Min with LC/ULC option: +/-100 fA
    Max current dynamic: +/-500 mA
    Max with current booster option: +/-150 A
    Voltage range: -10 V to +10 V
    with option: -48 V to +48 V
    EIS: up to 7 MHz

  • VMP3

    VMP3

    Multi-Channel & Multi-Users

    The VMP3 is a modular 16 channel potentiostat/galvanostat

    Channel: bipot/multi
    Min current dynamic: +/-20 nA
    Min with LC/ULC option: +/-2 pA
    Max current dynamic: +/-400 mA
    Max with current booster option: +/-100 A
    Voltage range: -20 V to +20 V
    EIS: up to 1 MHz

  • VSP

    VSP

    Ultimate Electrochemical Workstation

    The VSP is a research grade potentiostat system in a 5-channel modular chassis. This allows the VSP to add additional capability in the way of plug-in “modules”.

    Channel: bipot/multi
    Min current dynamic: +/-20 nA
    Min with LC/ULC option: +/-2 pA
    Max current dynamic: +/-400 mA
    Max with current booster option: +/-100 A
    Voltage range: -20 V to +20 V
    EIS: up to 1 MHz

  • VSP-300

    VSP-300

    Fast, sensitive, stable and modular… a remarkable combination!!!

    VSP-300 is a state-of-the-art high end potentiostat / galvanostat / FRA with remarkable specifications.

    Channel: bipot/multi
    Min current dynamic: +/-100 pA
    Min with LC/ULC option: +/-100 fA
    Max current dynamic: +/-500 mA
    Max with current booster option: +/-40 A
    Voltage range: -10 V to +10 V
    with option: -48V to +48V
    EIS: up to 7 MHz